Aflatoxins : Occurrence And Their Effects – A Review

P. S. Bedi1 and R. Khare2

Abstract


Aflatoxins are polycyclic unsaturated organic compounds which are very closely related to pentacyclic compounds, widely known for their carcinogenic potential. These compounds usually consist of a coumarin nucleus flanked with a highly reactive bifuran ring system on one side and a six membered lactone ring on the other side. Screening of food grains for aflatoxin contamination is a relative strategy to ensure the safety of foods for animals, livestock production as well as for human beings.  Detoxification practices to remove aflatoxins in-vitro and in-vivo by using various methods like physical, chemical and biological should be undertaken on top priority to reduce its synergistic effects.


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