Biodiesel: A Potential Solution for Energy Requirements of India

Heena Saini, Anil K Sharma, Irshad Ahmad


India's energy-mix comprises both non-renewable (coal,
lignite, petroleum and natural gas) and renewable energy
sources (wind, solar, small hydro, biomass, cogeneration
bagasse etc). Information on reserves of non-renewable
sources of energy and the potential for generation of
renewable energy sources is a pre- requisite for assessing
the country's potential for meeting its future energy needs.
The changes in the reserves over time indicate the research
and development going into the discovery of new reserves
and the pace of their exploitation. The use of biomass aptly
fits into the need for using renewable sources to drive our
economic development. Algae have emerged as one of the
most promising sources for biodiesel production. It can be
inferred that they under transesterification reaction can be
converted to fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Such an
approach can contribute to solve major problems of air
pollution resulting from CO evolution and future crisis due 2
to a shortage of energy sources. In this study we used
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for biodiesel production and
compared the amount of biodiesel produced with the
biodiesel from waste vegetable oil. The study was
undertaken to know the proper transesterification, amount
of biodiesel production (ester) and physical properties of
biodiesel produced.

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