AUTHOR GUIDELINES

General Information and instruction to Authors.

The Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research (CTBCR) [ISSN 2249-4073] publishes reviews, Mini-reviews, original research articles, Research News and case reports covering the following areas:1. Medicine, biomedical and pharmaceutical Sciences 2. Agriculture, plant and animal biotechnology 3. Environment and Biodiversity 4. Structure, function and applications of Chemistry.

Submission: All manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatically correct English. The text of the manuscript must be provided in Microsoft Word format. The papers should meet the following criteria – the material should be original, the methodology used should be standard and appropriate, results should be unambiguous supported with data/photographs, conclusions should be reasonable and based on the findings, the topic should be of biotechnology, biomedical, chemical and biochemical, interest and findings should be significant in the above thrust areas. Papers involving human and animals should be ethically cleared by the local ethical committees. Manuscript Preparation-Manuscript should be prepared in accordance with the Guidelines set by the International Committee of CTBCR Journal editors and should be submitted in as a single copy as a word file including figures and tables. Abstract should be concise (of about 250 words) and should summarize the key findings and conclusions. Any comments for the editor, e.g. a statement outlining the basic findings of the paper and their significance, requests to exclude some individuals from the review process, or suggestions for up to four competent reviewers (including e-mail address) can be submitted along with the manuscript during online submission. Manuscripts should be submitted online at: ctbcr@mmumullana.org There are no submission fees or page charges. Manuscripts are accepted for review on the understanding that the same work has not been published, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its submission for publication has been approved by all of the authors and by the appropriate authority at the institution where the work was carried out. Authors must verify the wording of any cited personal communication with the persons who supplied the information and obtain approval for the use of their names in connection with the quoted information or for the citation of unpublished work.

Organization of manuscripts :

1. Illustrations and tables should be kept to the minimum necessary for understanding of the article. Full length papers should not exceed 3500 words. Reviews should be no longer than 20 typewritten pages (~5000 words) excluding figures/tables.

2. The first page should contain the title of the article, authors' first names and surnames, affiliation, name and address (including phone, fax and e-mail) of the corresponding author. The manuscript should be organized as follows: Abstract, Keywords (5–6), Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Legends to figures. The Reviews should be organized as follows: Summary, Key words (5–6), Introduction, Main chapters, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Legends to figures. Special note for short commentaries/Research News: Length: 6 pages including references, one table and one figure or alternatively two figures or two tables are allowed).

3. Abbreviations must be kept to the minimum and should be explained in full spelling in parentheses when used for the first time.

4. Illustrations: The maximum type area is 18 cm width and 24 cm height. Figures should be designed to fit either one-column size (8.8 cm) or two-columns size (18 cm) in width. Figures must be ready for reproduction with clear lettering in suitable size. No colour figures will be accepted for publication. 5. New nucleotide or amino acid sequencesto be published must be deposited at a standard data base (e.g. Gen Bank or others) and the accession number must be mentioned in the text.

6. References should be quoted in the text by numbers in square brackets. For e.g. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3] or the effect has been widely studied [1-3,7]. The list of references should be given in alphabetical order. References to unpublished data, manuscripts in preparation, manuscripts submitted or personal communications should be made parenthetically in the text and not included in the list of references. Examples for the style to be used for the list of references are given below.

1. Sharma A K, Naithani R, Kumar V and Sandhu SS (2011) Iron regulation in tuberculosis : Promises and challenges. Curr Med Chem 18:17 23-31.

2. South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London. 3. Brown B, Aaron M (2001) the politics of nature.

In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257.

4. Sheem S K (2004) Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor. U S Patent : 6738537.

Copyright: Once a paper is accepted, authors will be asked to transfer .A form facilitating transfer of copyright will be Provided after acceptance. If material from other copyrighted works is included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.

Proofs : Proofs will be sent to the author. To avoid delay in publication, proofs should be returned promptly. No alterations should be made other than those needed to correct typographical errors. Costs for extensive additional alterations will be charged to the authors.